5 Most Common Knee Injuries

knee injuries

Image: orthoinfo

The knee is the most complex structure and one of the most stressed joints in the body. Knee injuries occur during the sports activities, exercising, or as a result of a fall. The symptoms people may experience are difficulty with weight bearing, pain and swelling and instability are the most common with a knee injury.

1. Fractures

The most common and often caused by high-energy trauma, such as falls from the significant heights, accidents, and during the sports activities. The most common bone broken around the knee is the patella.

2. Dislocation

It happens when the bones of the knee are forced out of normal position, either fully or partially. Dislocations can be caused by an abnormality in the structure of a person’s knee. This usually occurs from a fall, a car accident or participation in sports. sports-related contact. Examples of affected areas include shoulders, elbows, fingers, ankles, knees, hips and jaw.

3. Sprains and Strains

A sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments and sprain is a stretching or tearing of muscle or tendon. Sprains and strains are injuries to the ligaments. The ACL and MCL are the ligaments most often injured. These kinds of injuries usually happen during sports such as football, soccer, and the basketball. The symptoms include tenderness along the joint line and pain with walking.

4. Meniscus Tear

A most common injury happens during sports where the forceful twisting causes certain tissue in the knee to tear. The symptoms include a pain, swelling, locking, stiffness, and difficulty extending the knee.

5. Tendon Tears

The quadriceps and patellar tendons can be stretched and torn. The middle-aged people who play running or jumping sports have faced this kind of injury more often, although anyone can injure these tendons. The common causes of knee tendon injuries include a falls, direct force to the front of the knee, and landing awkwardly from a jump.

Diet Plan You Should Follow After a Spine Surgery

diet plan after spine surgery

Image: health.usnews.com

Let us look at the diet plan you should expect to follow after a spine surgery.

Calories:

With the need to heal, your metabolism will also increase, requiring you to take almost double the amount of calories that your body usually needs. That does not mean that you start consuming junk food – the extra calories should be consumed through healthy foods like fresh fruits and vegetables, wholegrain etc. Such foods will provide you with the nutrients necessary for fast and proper healing.

Protein:

One of the most important nutrients required for post-surgery healing is protein. Therefore, a good chunk of what you eat must
comprise of eggs, fish, lean meat and poultry, tofu etc. Low-fat dairy products like skim milk will provide your body with not only protein, but also Calcium and Vitamin D required for bone restoration. Zinc, which is found in high-protein foods, is important for fighting infection.

Shakes/Smoothies:

Another healthy but yummy way to get your required calories and nutrients is supplemental shakes. This will let your body get the protein and other nutrients it requires, and it’s quite easy to make! You can make shakes/”smoothies” using milk, yoghurt, soymilk or any other high-protein beverage. You may also be advised to take certain vitamin and mineral supplements – however, do not take any vitamin or mineral supplement without your doctor’s approval. Constipation may result from the intake of pain medication – this can be avoided by staying hydrated throughout the day with good water intake. This will also be very beneficial for the healing process. Fibre intake can also prevent constipation – so have high-fibre foods like fruits, wholegrain etc.

A good spine clinic will ensure that you are provided with the correct diet plan for quick and complete healing. For example, reputed spine clinics like Shalby Hospitals – one of the best spine hospitals in Ahmedabad with a team comprising of the best spine surgeons in Ahmedabad – see to it that all measures are taken for quick and complete post-operation healing. You should only trust hospitals with a highly experienced and skilled team so as to get the best results.

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