5 Most Common Knee Injuries

knee injuries

Image: orthoinfo

The knee is the most complex structure and one of the most stressed joints in the body. Knee injuries occur during the sports activities, exercising, or as a result of a fall. The symptoms people may experience are difficulty with weight bearing, pain and swelling and instability are the most common with a knee injury.

1. Fractures

The most common and often caused by high-energy trauma, such as falls from the significant heights, accidents, and during the sports activities. The most common bone broken around the knee is the patella.

2. Dislocation

It happens when the bones of the knee are forced out of normal position, either fully or partially. Dislocations can be caused by an abnormality in the structure of a person’s knee. This usually occurs from a fall, a car accident or participation in sports. sports-related contact. Examples of affected areas include shoulders, elbows, fingers, ankles, knees, hips and jaw.

3. Sprains and Strains

A sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments and sprain is a stretching or tearing of muscle or tendon. Sprains and strains are injuries to the ligaments. The ACL and MCL are the ligaments most often injured. These kinds of injuries usually happen during sports such as football, soccer, and the basketball. The symptoms include tenderness along the joint line and pain with walking.

4. Meniscus Tear

A most common injury happens during sports where the forceful twisting causes certain tissue in the knee to tear. The symptoms include a pain, swelling, locking, stiffness, and difficulty extending the knee.

5. Tendon Tears

The quadriceps and patellar tendons can be stretched and torn. The middle-aged people who play running or jumping sports have faced this kind of injury more often, although anyone can injure these tendons. The common causes of knee tendon injuries include a falls, direct force to the front of the knee, and landing awkwardly from a jump.

Importance of Balanced Diet for Sportsperson

sportspersons

For going an extra-mile, sportsperson needs extra performance, which comes from well balanced diet and exercise. You are what you eat. The food provides all the essential vitamins, minerals, proteins and other nutrients. Good nutrition enhances a sporting performance. Hence, a careful consideration is must when selecting what to eat.

A combination of different food items gives a balanced diet. This would include:

1. Protein rich foods – A protein rich diet helps you in many ways such as, increases your metabolism, stabilises your blood sugar levels, aids in healing of bones and slow ageing. Eggs are considered as the healthiest and great source of protein.

2. Carbohydrates – Carbohydrates break down into sugar (glucose), body’s primary energy source. This happens during digestion and later this glucose is converted into glycogen which can later be used as an energy source.

3. Vegetables and Fruits – Consuming the right balance of food and drink is important for everyone, be it a common man with sedentary lifestyle or anyone involved in sports and works strenuously. Eating a wide variety of fruits and vegetables helps maintain health and improves performance. Dark green vegetables should be eaten regularly.

Thus, a well-planned wholesome diet would meet a sportsperson’s daily requirements and provide sufficient protein and nutrients to promote and repair physical fitness. They also need to stay hydrated throughout and consume the necessary amount of water.

Source: http://bit.ly/2g8ylht